Popular Posts. Dec 05, 2020 - Chapter 13 - Indian Architecture(Part -1) - Notes, UPSC / IAS Exam UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Shah Jahan (1628-1658 A.D.) Shah Jahan (Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram) was one of the most successful emperors of the Mughal Empire. Some of the finest examples of monuments during his reign are — the magnificent Taj Mahal at Agra, the Moti Masjid at Agra Fort and the dignified Jama Masjid at Delhi. 1 and 3 only. Now it is kept at the London Tower Museum, Britain. UPSC CS PRELIMS 2014. In this article, we discuss the Indo-Islamic architecture, which is also known as Indo-Saracenic architecture. Shah Jahan was forced out of the Mughal territories and compelled to take shelter nearby the Deccani rulers, his erstwhile enemies. Aurangzeb left for Delhi to take part in it. The particular method of decoration, popular as ‘pietra dura,’ became more popular under Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan (1628-1658): He immortalized himself as he built the Taj Mahal in the memory of his late wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan 1627-1658 When Jahangir died, Khurram was away in Deccan. The ceremonial halls of public and private audience (diwan-i khas or am) were carefully planned. Shah Jahan passed the remaining years of his life till 1666 in captivity. ARCHITECTURE UNDER JAHANGIR AND SHAH JAHAN. To perpetuate her memory he built the Taj Mahal at Agra in 1632-53. Shah Jahan. Further, he crossed the Deccan into Orissa, controlled the governor by surprise, and then he also took the control of Bengal and Bihar. During his time magnificent buildings were constructed which are remembered still now. During the rule of Shamsuddin Ibrahim (1402-1436 AD), Atala Masjid was built in 1378. This document is highly rated by UPSC … Blog 5 – Ancient & Medieval India In continuation with series of blog on Strategy for History, here we will share the strategy on how to approach the diciest part of History i.e Ancient and Medieval India. Culture & Heritage: Indian History - Ancient, Medieval and Modern history useful for UPSC, PSC and other competitive exams. The tomb architecture is an important feature of the Islamic architecture as the practice of the burial of the dead is adopted. The general pattern of the tomb architecture consists of a domed chamber (hujra), a cenotaph in its centre with a mihrab on the western wall and the real grave in the underground chamber. Ans . The Gujarat style of architecture is used most widely in the palace built probably for his Rajput wife or wives. 1,2 and 3. He is rightly called ' the prince of builders' as the Mughal architecture reached its zenith under his reign. At this time Shah Jahan fell ill, and a war of succession was imminent in Delhi. However, after carefully analyzing the UPSC past year papers, we have listed down important micro-topics that should be studied for Art and Culture syllabus for UPSC preparation. Both Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal’s tombs are situated in the lower level of the Mahal, towards Mecca, the holiest city in Islam. 3 only. It is the largest historical structure in Delhi. Shah Jahan ascended the throne in 1627. Daily Quiz: UPSC Prelims Marathon (History, Art & culture) – August 10, 2020 Written by : ForumIAS Posted on August 10th, 2020 Last modified on … The Khwajah-i-Jahan Malik Sarwar, the first ruler of the dynasty was a wazir under Sultan Nasiruddin Muhammad Shah IV Tughluq (1390–1394). These courts were also described as chihil sutun or forty-pillared halls, placed within a large courtyard. Ans.Shah Jahan is known as Engineer King due to his work in the field of architecture. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. Using this opportunity, Shivaji invaded north Konkan and captured the cities of Kalyan, Bhivandi and fort of Mahuli. • The place has a history of its own. As a result, Mughal architecture suffered, with all artisans migrating to work under the patronage of local rulers. But Asaf, miffed by his sister’s acti. At the same time, Ahmednagar lost badly and Bijapur and Golconda accepted the Mughal Suzerainty. Ancient and medieval India are very interlinked with culture. This is the last chapter (8th) of the NCERT text book 'An Introduction to Indian Art' - Part 1. Shah Jahan built the Jami Masjid at Agra in 1648 in honour of his daughter Jahanara Begum & Wazir Khan's mosque in Lahore,1634. After Akbar, a secure Empire and enormous wealth in legacy permitted both Jahangir and Shah Jahan to pursue interest in the visual arts. The Mehtab Bagh is a Mughal garden built on the eastern bank of the Yamuna overlooking the Taj Mahal. GUJARAT: Gujarat witnessed significant architectural activity for over 250 years starting from Muzaffar Shah’s declaration of independence from Delhi and the […] Click here to download full Chapter DOWNLOAD UPSC MAINS HISTORY 11 YEARS SOLVED PAPERS PDF DOWNLOAD UPSC MAINS HISTORY 10 Years Categorised PAPERS Study Noted for UPSC MAINS HISTORY Optional The Sufi Movement B. Shah Jahan was a prolific builder and a refined aesthetic. With no major architectural projects undertaken, the … Question for UPSC Mains: ... Mughal architecture reached zenith during the time of Shah Jahan, who had built Taj Mahal at Agra, Red Fort at Delhi with Rang Mahal, ... (-1) if longwinded narration of Akbar-Jodha Prem or even wrote about Sher Shah’s architecture. MOST RECOMMENDED. Pre Historic Times" Periodization of Indian Pre History ... " Contributions of Sher Shah Coinage Architecture ... " Shah Jahan … ... UPSC CS PRELIMS 2014. So, both Shivaji and the Bijapur Sultan were forced to make peace with Aurangzeb. He was the fifth Mughal ruler after Babur, Humayun, Akbar, and Jahangir. Shah Jahan was succeeded by his puritanical son, Aurangzeb, who had no soft spot for art and architecture. Set 2 – 10 Lines on Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan(1627-1658 AD) His real name was Khurram, he was born to Jodha Bai (daughter of Raja Jagat Singh). In 1394, amidst the disintegration of the Delhi Sultanate, he established himself as an independent ruler of Jaunpur and extended his authority over Awadh and a large part of the Ganges - Yamuna Doab and replaced much of the Delhi Sultanate. Monumental structures were built over graves of rulers and royalty. This post finish our task of covering the highlights of the book in an exam-friendly manner, but we don't stop creating 'easy-to-read articles' for our readers here. Many of these features were adopted by the Mughlas later on and then culmination is to be found in the Taj Mahal built by Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan: Shah Jahan was eager to capture the ancestral lands of Kandahar. The UPSC syllabus mentions the art and culture syllabus in just one line “Salient features of Literature, Art Forms, and Architecture from ancient to modern times”. It is believed that the great emperor Shah Jahan who built Taj Mahal for his queen wanted an identical one for himself at Mahtab Bagh. Below we have provided a few lines about Taj Mahal, suitable for classes 6 to 8. He built Shahjahanabad, the 7th city of Delhi, today is known as Old Delhi. NCERT NOTES: Medieval Indian - Akbar's Successors', Jahangir (1605-1627),Shah Jahan (1627-1658); Aurangazeb (1658-1707) and decline of Mughals. The Taj Mahal is a great example of Mughals’ architecture, which brought together all the architectural forms developed by the Mughals in a very pleasing manner. This incredible monument was established in 1638, by the Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan. In 1648 Shah Jahan completed the Jama Masjid in Agra which was dedicated to his daughter Jahanara, the daughter of his father who took the place of her mother and brought her father out of mourning. The famous Peacock Throne was built by Shah Jahan. Infomation About Mumtaj Mahal Mumtaz Mahal she was born on 1 September 1593 and died in 17 June 1631 she was the princess of the country of Persia, who married the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan of India Mumtaz Mahal was the most loved wife of Shah Jahan he loved Mumtaz Mahal very much In 1631, at the age of 37 Mumtaz Mahal died while giving birth to her 14th child Gauhra Begum in order to weaken the forces of tribalism and parochialism. The Mughal emperors insisted on the mansabdars maintaining mixed contingents comprising Mughals, Pathans, Rajputs, etc. He continued applying tika (tilak) on the fore-head • The name Mahtab Bagh means 'Moon Lit Garden' and the same is testified by the beautiful reflection of Taj Mahal in the pool at night in Mahtab Bagh. It is the site which is intrinsically connected with the historically incorrect story that Shah Jahan planned to build a Black marble Taj Mahal here. Provincial Style of Architecture JAUNPUR: Under the Sharqi dynasty Jaunpur became a great centre of art, culture and architectural activity. This fort is often said to be the pinnacle of Mughal creativity. Long before Taj Mahal was completed, the other palaces in the Agra Fort were ready. During Shah Jahan’s reign that the different elements of Mughal architecture were fused together in a harmonious synthesis. Three years after his accession, his beloved wife Mumtaj Mahal (original name- Arzumand Bano) died in 1631. So Nurjahan supported and try to make Shaharyar the King. UPSC - PRELIMS SYLLABUS 2019-20 GSSCORE www.iasscore.in 5 1. Architecture Under Shah Jahan The vision of Shah Jahan (1628—1658) introduced a delicate elegance and detail to Mughal architecture, illustrated in the Jama Masjid in Delhi, the Moti Masjid situated within the Agra Fort, and the Sheesh Mahal in the Lahore Fort, which makes spectacular use of pietra dura and complex mirror work. Shah Jahan used this technique while constructing the Taj Mahal. The Red Fort of Delhi, situated on the western bank of the river Yamuna, is one of the must-visit places of Delhi. The important modification introduced by Shah Jahan to the mansabdari system was that he drastically reduced the number of sawars a noble was required to maintain. Select the correct answer using the code given below: (UPSC CSAT 2015) 1 and 2 only. Asoka … Three most important factors responsible for the war of succession were: (a)Shah Jahan’s partisam attitude towards Dara; (b)old revalry between Dara and Aurangzeb; and(c)Dara and Aurangzeb led two factions of the Mughal court, Dara representing liberalism and Aurangzeb the conservative elements. Shah Jahan came to a conclusion that there could be no peace for the Mughals in the Deccan as long as Ahmednagar continued as an independent state. Mehtab Bagh was the last of the 11 Mughal gardens built on the eastern bank of the Yamuna. It was abducted from here by Nadir Shah in 1739 during his Indian invasion (Persian conqueror). It is considered as the best specimen of Mughal architecture by many. Shah Jahan was a famous lyricist who wrote in Hindi. For UPSC 2021, follow BYJU'S And Golconda accepted the Mughal architecture suffered, with all artisans migrating to work under the patronage local... 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