The leaves are simple, lanceolate, glabrous, 2–5 cm (0.79–1.97 in) long, and borne in whorls of 6–9. Family: Rubiaceae Zone: 5-8 Identifying characteristics: Whorled deep green leaves on a woodland groundcover. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Angiosperms. The Plants Database includes the following 85 species of Galium . It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Helen. Sweet woodruff herb was originally grown for the fresh smell the leaves give off and was used as a type of air freshener. Gleason, H. A. Also very popular are Waldmeister flavoured jellies, with and without alcohol. It has creeping rhizomes and lance-shaped, glossy leaves that form whorls around the stems. If you need a tidy, fine-textured, low-growing perennial ground cover that does well in shade, consider sweet woodruff (Galium odoratum, formerly Asperula odorata). Galium. (1990) p 82 Parts Shown: Flower, Leaf Photo. Where restraint becomes necessary, plants can be mowed with a rotary mower on a high setting. [4] It is widely cultivated for its flowers and its sweet-smelling foliage.[5][6][7]. Galium or sweet woodruff is a durable deer proof shade loving groundcover providing handsome leaves all season. Galium odoratum. This plant prefers partial to full shade in moist, rich soils. Delicate groundcover with star-shaped foliage and fragrant white flowers. Small, white, star-shaped flowers appear in late spring above a dense carpet of green foliage. In dry summers it needs frequent watering. Galium odoratum. Plants typically grow 8-12" tall and feature fragrant, lance-shaped, dark green leaves in whorls of 6-8 along square stems. Vol. In Germany it is also used to flavour sherbet powder, which features prominently in Günter Grass' novel The Tin Drum. The dried whole plant is used in traditional medicine. Plants have also been used commercially in perfumes. Hill, Madalene. It is also an edible plant that is said to taste somewhat of vanilla. Many Galium species are invasive, but a few are good garden plants, including G. odoratum, which is useful as a groundcover in woodland and is attractive to bees. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Galium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Britton, N.L., and A. Plant Sweet Woodruff in your damp, shaded garden areas.. Sweet Woodruff is a perennial herb plant that grows as a low maintenance ground cover plant in moderate to wet soil. Can be somewhat aggressive in optimum growing conditions. Related Plants 'Blue Surprise' ... Heriteau, Jacqueline. Sweet woodruff is not shy about vigor. Plants emit a strong odor of freshly mown hay when foliage is crushed or cut. Many people know the woodruff only from sherbet powder and jelly or as an ingredient of the famous Maibowle. Attractive low spreading groundcover or pathway edging for shady gardens and woodland settings. Grows best in an average to moist, well-drained soil, in partial to full shade. Galium odoratum (Sweet Woodruff) is a mat-forming perennial that creates a very attractive ground cover in moist, shady areas. 1991. Sweet Woodruff, Sweet Scented Bedstraw. Galium odoratum (Sweet woodruff) will reach a height of 0.5m and a spread of 1.5m after 5-10 years.. Tiny white flowers late spring and summer. Sweet Woodruff is a vigorous ground cover that thrives in partially shaded, moist areas with slightly acidic soil. Family Rubiaceae . Perfect for woodland plantings, even tolerating “maple-base dry zones” with loose fertile soil. It also has some medicinal uses, though as always you should check with a doctor before using any medical herb. Attributes • Fairy Garden • Fragrant Flower. Common Name: sweetscented bedstraw Type: Herbaceous perennial ... Dainty flowers, fragrant plant, spreading. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", "Galium odoratum in Flora of China @ efloras.org", "Sweet Woodruff - Monrovia - Sweet Woodruff", "Royal Horticultural Society (London UK)", "Sweet Woodruff Vodka Jelly - Sweet & Wild", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Galium_odoratum&oldid=992397858, Articles needing additional references from November 2013, All articles needing additional references, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 01:55. & A.J. Having said that though, I have double checked with the RHS regarding the flowering period of this plant and they say it usually happens from late spring to midsummer - and with that in mind, I have amended our flowering months to May-July. Galium odoratum NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Galium odoratum. Whorls of dark green lance shaped leaves clothe 20cm tall stems which are covered in frothy masses of small white flowers during spring and early summer. The plant is self-fertile. Galium odoratum, commonly called sweet woodruff, is a mat-forming perennial that is most often grown as a ground cover in shady areas. Cronquist. It is a ground cover perennial (regrows each year) with small white flowers in April to June. It’s a woodland plant that is often grown for ground … Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Ground Cover, Rock, Underplanting. This scent increases on wilting and then persists on drying, and the dried plant is used in potpourri and as a moth deterrent. Galium will spread quite vigorously, but it is a plant that will survive the toughest of dry shady conditions. Galium odoratum, commonly called sweet woodruff, is a mat-forming perennial that is most often grown as a ground cover in shady areas. Sweet Woodruff (Galium odoratum) Origin It bears many names and has been popular since time immemorial as a seasoning and medicinal plant in cooking and medicine: the Sweet Woodruff (Galium odoratum). Leaves are also used to make May wine, a punch made from white wine flavored with woodruff, orange and pineapple. It is in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen from July to August. An often forgotten herb, sweet woodruff (Galium odoratum) can be a valuable addition to the garden, particularly shade gardens. How to Plant Sweet Woodruff. A herbaceous plant, it grows to 30–50 cm (12–20 in) long, often lying flat on the ground or supported by other plants. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. It is native to Eurasia and North Africa and grows throughout North America. 3: 267. Species and cultivars you need to learn for class: Galium odoratum. Partial to full shade. Excellent for controlling erosion on steep shaded banks and beneath trees and shrubs ( especially Walnut Trees ) where other shade groundcovers fail. Woodruff comes from Old English meaning wood that unravels, in probable reference to the creeping rootstock of the plant.Genus name comes from the Greek word gala meaning milk. Small, fragrant, 4-petaled, white flowers appear in loose cymes in spring. Inventory; 20062.PT 10 Flat 0 Add to My Design Palette Plant Calculator Plant Characteristics. Can be mildly invasive in optimum, growing conditions. As the epithet odoratum suggests, the plant is strongly scented, the sweet scent being derived from coumarin. Brown. ... Galium odoratum Buy Sweet Woodruff online. Alpine species are best grown in a scree bed or alpine house. Other qualities to recommend Galium odoratum include its sweet scent (coincidentally repellent to deer) and its cloaking effect, which slows evaporation from soil in dry spots. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Flies, bees. It is sometimes confused with Galium triflorum and Galium verum. [3] It is also sparingly naturalized in scattered locations in the United States and Canada. 2018-06-11. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and … Small, fragrant, 4 … All parts of the plant … G. vernus can be used to curtle milk for making cheese.Specific epithet means fragrant. Plants typically grow 8-12" tall and feature fragrant, lance-shaped, dark green leaves in whorls of 6-8 along square stems. 2) i–910. It features small-petaled, scented white flowers in late spring and summer, elegantly rising above a lush carpet of fragrant, lance-shaped, soft emerald-green leaves in whorls. Sweet Woodruff: USDA Zone: 3-9: ... Plants form a spreading clump of small green leaves, whorled like spokes of a bicycle around the stem. Genus Galium can be annuals or perennials, with weak, sometimes scrambling stems bearing whorls of narrow leaves and usually terminal panicles of small, white or yellow flowers . Sweet woodruff, Galium odoratum, is a hardy perennial species with a wide native range, including the UK. Rubiaceae. Easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in part shade to full shade. Galium odoratum. Clusters of tiny white flowers make a pretty display in spring. Hay scented foliage. Galium odoratum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a medium rate. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Galium odoratum - Jumbo Landscaping Plugs Description Cover the ground beautifully and economically - 32 landscape plugs cost just $3.12 each! Old fashioned favorite that spreads quickly with rich soil and ample moisture. Common name: Sweet woodruff, sweet-scented bedstraw Other cultivars and species: There are many bedstraw species and several others are sometimes used in gardens but G. odoratum is the most common. Deer avoid eating it (Northeast US). Plant in partial shade or shade. Native Range: Northern Africa, Asia, Europe, Suggested Use: Ground Cover, Herb, Naturalize. Does NOT like to dry out. Plant Habit • Spreading. Galium odoratum (L.) Scop. Galium is happiest in average garden soil, but plants also get by in damp soil and will spread aggressively if conditions suit it. Aromatic intensity of the foliage increases when dried, thus dried leaves are popularly used in sachets or potpourris. Fast growth 6 to 12 inches tall, spreading indefinitely. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Cultivation. Sweet woodruff is a small perennial that grows up to 30 cm in height. Price: (2 or fewer plants) £4.95 Price: (3 or more plants) £4.45 Back to Previous Page. Sweet woodruff ( Galium odoratum ) is a durable, shade loving groundcover that combines neat little leaves and adorable white flowers for a visually appealing look. Manual of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada (ed. In a moist site this spreads steadily to form a thick carpet. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Galium (family Rubiaceae). On the other hand, plants may go dormant by mid-summer if improperly grown in dry, sunny locations. Vigorous after it becomes established. The Plant List. Scientific Name: Galium L. (Rubiaceae) odoratum Scop. A wonderful fast growing shade garden perennial. When cut, the plant develops a characteristic smell of fresh-cut hay.Chevallier 1996, Duke 2003, Khan 2009, USDA … To give your plant the best start possible, we include free fertilizer with every order. 1913. It owes its sweet smell to the odiferous agent coumarin, and is sometimes used as a flavoring agent due to its chemical content. see more; Synonyms Asperula odorata. 3 vols. It is also used, mainly in Germany, to flavour May wine (called "Maibowle" or "Maitrank" in German), sweet juice punch, syrup for beer (Berliner Weisse), brandy, jelly, jam, a soft drink (Tarhun, which is Georgian), ice cream, and herbal tea. Galium odoratum Sweet Woodruff. Galium odoratum is often called Sweet Woodruff or the Hay Plant. Easy ground cover with delicate, starlike foliage. Galium odoratum, the sweetscented bedstraw, is a flowering perennial plant in the family Rubiaceae, native to much of Europe from Spain and Ireland to Russia, as well as Western Siberia, Turkey, Iran, the Caucasus,[2] China and Japan. Galium odoratum Sweet Woodruff Plants for Sale Online. Species. Leaves and stems have a vanilla-like odor when dried. It is ideal as a groundcover or border accent in woody, acidic gardens where other shade plants fail to thrive. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. It is widely cultivated for its flowers and its sweet-smelling foliage. Useful in herb gardens, rock gardens, naturalized areas, shady borders or as a ground cover or edging plant. Low growing and slightly trailing, with small green leaves and delicate white flowers in spring and summer. Spreads by both creeping roots and self-seeding to form an attractive ground cover in moist, shady areas. Sweet Woodruff Growing and Maintenance Tips. The plant is also known as Asperula odorata L. The small, star-shaped, white flowers appear from April to June. Propagation is by crown division, separation of the rooted stems, or digging up of the barely submerged perimeter stolons. Galium odoratum (L.) Scop. Southern Herb Growing. Has a tendency to die back or go dormant during heat and drought periods of the summer, but often revives with fresh growth in the cooler, autumn temperatures. Galium odoratum, the sweetscented bedstraw, is a flowering perennial plant in the family Rubiaceae, native to much of Europe from Spain and Ireland to Russia, as well as Western Siberia, Turkey, Iran, the Caucasus, China and Japan. Its vernacular names include woodruff, sweet woodruff,[8] and wild baby's breath; master of the woods would be a literal translation of the German Waldmeister. The fruits are 2–4 mm diameter, produced singly, and each is covered in tiny hooked bristles which help disperse them by sticking temporarily to clothing and animal fur.[9][10]. Home Plant Galium odoratum. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx. If foliage becomes tattered, cut to the ground for a new flush of green growth. Suggested uses. Plant in any moist but well-drained soil in partial shade. Herbaceous perennial. It is also sparingly naturalized in scattered locations in the United States and Canada. Where is this species invasive in the US. Today, s… Leaves are sometimes used to flavor teas and cold fruit drinks. [11] The small (4–7 mm diameter) flowers are produced in cymes, each white with four petals joined together at the base. If slugs and snails chew holes in leaves, set out shallow bowls of beer to keep the population in check, or put down diatomaceous earth (available at many garden centers). It tends to weave through the garden easily choking out pesky weeds. Galium odoratum. Sweet Woodruff, one of Vita Sackville-West’s favourite plants, makes a wonderful fragrant ground cover for a shady spot. The National Arboretum Book of Outstanding Garden Plants. Jelly or as a ground cover, Rock, Underplanting in optimum, growing conditions is native to Eurasia North! S a woodland groundcover native to Eurasia and North Africa and grows throughout North America above... 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