The "Memoirs of Babur" or Baburnama are the work of the great-great-great-grandson of Timur (Tamerlane), Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur (1483-1530). December 26, 1530] 1531) was a Muslim conqueror from Central Asia who, following a series of setbacks, finally succeeded in laying the basis for the Mughal dynasty of India. Babur was directly descended from both of the great world conquerors: from Genghis and his son Chaghatai (1162-1227) on his mother’s side, and from Timur on that of his father, who was one of Timur’s many grandsons. Babur, full name Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur (14 February 1483 – 26 December 1530) was founder of Mughal Empire in Indian subcontinent. In accordance to his will, his body was moved to Kabul,Afghanistan there it lies in Bagh-e Babur (Babur Gardens). So, Babur established a tradition of gardens with running water or Charbagh Style of Architecture. Humayun's victory was harder fought than the previous skirmishes, but it was still a decisive victory. He advised his eldest son Humayun to improve his language and work hard to build up himself. Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babar, founder of the Mughal dynasty in India was an excellent general and a wise ruler. was the ruler of the Fergana Valley. Babur has written about the wedding of Sultan Mahmud Mirza to Khanzada Begum who was the daughter of Mir of Tirmiz. Thank you so much. Babur's first and favourite son was Nasir-ud-din Muhammed Humayun (meaning the fortunate) from his wife Maham Begum. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Babur was not content with ruling over the small kingdom of Farghana. Citation: Pettinger, Tejvan. Babur… The ruler of Farghna. But in the battle of Kannauj/Bilgram … He came from two lines of famous rulers. Babur was an obedient son, affectionate father, reliable friend, lovable husband and a good relative. Babur, the founder of the largest dynasty India has ever seen-- the Mughals, was born on February 14, 1483 . Salman Khurshid at the screening of play 'Sons of Babur', which was staged at Siri Fort on April 11, 2011. Mughal Emperor, Babur was successful as a soldier and conqueror. is done on EduRev Study Group by Class 7 Students. February 14] 1483 — January 5 [O.S. 26 December 1530] 1531, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Humayun. He was buried in Aram Bagh near Kabul. Home ›› Babur ›› Founder ›› Indian History ›› Medieval Period ›› Mughul Dynasty. He respected all his elderly relatives and looked after the education and development of personality of his children. He was the fourth son of Abu Sa'id Mirza, the Emperor of the Timurid Empire in what is now Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, eastern Iran and Afghanistan. Babur wasn't about to let his son die before him, so he prayed to Allah to transfer his son's illness to him. At the Panipat battle, Babur's guns and fine skills as a commander brought him a well deserved victory which changed the course of Indian history. The father and son relation of Babur and Humayun is a story that's filled with warmth and heart touching moments. Most notably so in the rite of the transfer of illness that Babur had performed in the 15th century to save his terminally ill son Humayun form death but a rite that in end led to his own death. Babur was a descendant of conquerors and it should come as no surprise that he himself was a successful conqueror. Humayun was the son of Babur and succeeded Babur after 1530. Masuma Sultan Begum died during childbirth; the year of her death is disputed (either 1508 or 1519). He died in 1530. Afterward, she died, he married her late wife’s niece Khandaza Begum through whom he fathered five daughters and a son. The Questions and Answers of Babur is a son of?? He was buried at Aram Bagh in Agra but later on was removed and buried in Kabul at the place chosen by himself during his lifetime. Play: 'Sons of Babur' Photogallery at ETimes Babur died at the age of 47 on January 5 [O.S. Humayun hurried to Agra to defend his claim to the throne but soon fell gravely ill himself. Babur's final act came in 1530 when his first-born son Humayun became deathly ill and was given little chance of survival. Babur had four children by Maham Begum, of whom only one survived infancy. [48] Babur later married Mubaraka Yusufzai, a Pashtun woman of the Yusufzai tribe. He laid his foundation of the Mughal rule in India defeating Sultan Ibrahim lodi in the battle field of Panipath in 1526 A.D. Over one hundred prisoners of war were captured along with around eight war elephants. In the next coming post, we will read about the reign of Humayun. are solved by group of students and teacher of Class 7, which is also the largest student community of Class 7. He died at the age of 47 in 1531, and was succeeded by Humayun. “Biography of Babur”, Oxford, UK – www.biographyonline.net. Babur died at the age of 47 on January 5 [O.S. Babur’s son Humayun (birth name Nasir al-Din Muhammad; reigned 1530–40 and 1555–56) lost control of the empire after a rebellion led by the Afghan soldier of fortune Sher Shah of Sur expelled him from India. Babur had four sons Humayun, Hindal, Aksari and Kamran . Named after the second son of Changej Khan. Umar Shaikh Mirza II (1469–1494 C.E.) Babur was buried at Kabul, in accordance with his own wishes. At the time of Babur’s death, he was living in Agra, India, but his body was later moved to be buried in Kabul. Babur was a brilliant general. In accordance to his will, his body was moved to Kabul,Afghanistan there it lies in Bagh-e Babur (Babur Gardens Gulrukh bore Babur two sons, Kamran and Askari, and Dildar Begum was the mother of Babur's youngest son, Hindal. Babur, after the death of his father, in 11 years of short life in 1494 AD. Humayun was the eldest and the most loved son of Babur. After Babur’s death, his incompetent son, Humayun, lost most of the territory Babur had gained. Babur nominated his son Humayun as his successor and died on 26 December 1530 A.D. Babur-nama. The old administrative machinery of the Sultanate of Delhi had crumbled as the result of the Mughal attack, but […] Tughlaq Dynasty Important Points Study Notes; Humayun: 1530 – 1540) Humayun was the son of Babur.He ascended the throne of the Mughal Empire in 1530. Babur's son, Humayun (then aged 17), led the Timurid army into battle against the first of Ibrahim's advance parties. Gulnar Aghacha and Nargul Aghacha were two Circassian slaves given to Babur as gifts by Tahmasp Shah Safavi, the Shah of Persia. A year later, Babur also defeated a massive rajput army. Inside the Gardens of Babur in Kabul, Afghanistan. This created Babur’s hate for his uncle, and subsequently, he was reluctant to marry Zainab. A portrait of Babur, from an early illustrated manuscript of the Baburnama 1589-90. Stay Connected. Hambly writes that Humayun, the eldest son of Babur, was dispatched to seize Sultan Ibrahim's household and treasure at Agra while Babur… But the administration of Babur was less structured. He was born in A.D. 1483. Babur has been vilified for his association with the controversy, and for being the foremost representative of a hate-figure in contemporary India: the Muslim Invader. Babur’s personality can be judged by his own memoirs Tuzk-i-Baburi, also known as Babur Namah, written in Turkish, personally transcribed by his son Humayun, and afterwards translated into Persian during the reign of Akbar. In 1526, for example, he led 12,000 troops to victory against an army of 100,000 commanded by a sultan of Delhi. Babur’s invasion of India was a reflection of the defeat of powerful Ujabe in Central Asia, and the fear of the Osmani descent. After Babur's death, Humayun ascended the throne. He was son of Umar Saikh Mirza. Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur, the founder of the Mughal dynasty in India, was the son of Shiekh Umar Mirza, the ruler of Farghana. This was his eldest son and heir, Humayun. He defeated Sher Shah at the battle of Chausa in 1529. He was eldest son of Umar Sheikh Mirza., governor of Farghana. Since Babur was such a badass, Allah listened. Considered as one of the finest Mughal emperors, Babur succeeded in securing the dynasty's position in Delhi after a series of sultanates failed to consolidate their seats and his empire went on to rule for over 300 years in India. In the autumn of 1530, Babur fell ill. His brother-in-law conspired with some of the Mughal court nobles to seize the throne after Babur's death, bypassing Humayun, Babur's eldest son and appointed heir. Gulrukh bore Babur two sons, Kamran and Askari, and Dildar Begum was the mother of Babur’s youngest son, Hindal. This discussion on Babur is a son of?? Humayun jhaanan@gmail.com 26 December 1530] 1531, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Humayun. Babur succeeded to die throne of Farghna in 1494 A.D. After completing this prayer, his son recovered, but Babur fell ill and within three months had died. son About Babur Zahir ud-din Muhammad Babur (February 23 [O.S. Sitting on the throne of Fargana. Babur had created a system of administration that could function very well in the time of war only. Death After Babur fell seriously ill, Humayun, his eldest son, was summoned from his Jagir. He rapidly lost the empire. Fifteen years later, Humayun took advantage of discord among Sher Shah’s successors to recapture Lahore, Delhi, and Agra. THE MEMOIRS OF BABUR. 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